Increasing survival rates for children, and adults experiencing an injury or illness in the nervous system, has resulted in more people with permanently dysfunctional nervous systems. In response, numerous treatments have been developed. Neurology provides care to patients with diseases of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, or muscles. Some of the most common illnesses or conditions that can be treated by neurosurgery in India include herniation of the spinal disc, spinal stenosis, brain hemorrhages, skull fractures, brain tumors, infections, aneurysms, stroke, some types of epilepsy (usually those that cannot be treated with medication alone or that do not respond to medication at all), cancer pain, nervous system malformation, Moyamoya disease, and Spina Bifida.
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What is Neurosurgery?
Neurosurgery is the surgical treatment of all illnesses of the brain, spinal cord, central, and peripheral nervous system. This includes the treatment of brain tumors, blood vessel illnesses, epilepsy, movement disorders, trauma, infection, disc and bone disease in the spine, problems with peripheral nerves, including release of compression (such as carpal tunnel syndrome), removal of nerve tumors, and nerve biopsy for the diagnosis of complex peripheral nerve disorders.
What is Functional Neurosurgery?
Functional neurosurgery is the surgical treatment of certain neurological disorders, notably movement disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor and dystonia. Some neurosurgeries are both “functional” and “stereotactic,” like deep brain stimulation, which is currently the neurosurgery of choice in the treatment of movement disorders.
What is Stereotactic Neurosurgery?
Stereotactic neurosurgery uses imaging studies (MRI and/or CT) to identify discrete target locations and guide the approach to the target, typically through a very small opening in the skull, called a burr hole.
What is Pediatric Neurosurgery?
Pediatric neurosurgery is a subspecialty in the field of general neurosurgery that focuses on the care of infants, children and young adults with surgically treatable diseases of the brain and spine.
Preparing for Neurosurgery in India
There are several things you can do to prepare for any type of neurological surgery. Your physician will give you exact instructions on how to prepare for your neurosurgery in India
based on your diagnosis, what type of procedure you are having, and any other health factors. Some of these things often include discontinuing aspirin or other blood thinners several days before your surgery. It is best if you quit smoking. Be sure to arrange to have someone to take you home from the hospital and to be with you for the first few days after your surgery. You may want to have some meals already prepared so that you will not have to exert yourself cooking.
Neurosurgery Doctors in India
Neurosurgery doctors that specialize in this field of medicine are called neurosurgeons. Neurosurgeons focus on disorders of the nervous system, brain, pituitary gland, spinal cord and spinal column. Conditions regularly treated by neurosurgeons are aneurysms (strokes), epilepsy, ruptured discs in the back, brain tumors, pinched nerves carpal tunnel syndrome, and spasms. Procedures commonly performed by neurosurgery doctors include: brain aneurysm surgery (stroke surgery), brain tumor surgery, spine surgery (laminectomy, discectomy, microdiscectomy, spinal fusion), and sterotactic radiosurgery. Neurosurgery doctors may sub-specialize in pediatric neurosurgery, neurocritical care, functional and stereotactic surgery, surgical neuro-oncology, neurovascular surgery, interventional neuroradiology, or skull base surgery.